The non-formulaic counter-examples in the Old Gallaic
Tartessian inscriptions show a more recent drift towards the verb-initial
Verb-Subject-Object (VSO) word order familiar in Insular Celtic
(Koch 2011, p. 100). Such an innovation is seen in the Alcala del
Rio inscription from the heart of Tartessos where such innovations
would be expected:
lagenti (V) Raha kassedana (S) = are lain down (V)
Raha and the bronze minister (S ) [here] (O) = Raha and the bronze
minister are lain down [here]
There is now broad consenus among Proto-Indo-European
(PIE) scholars that PIE would have been a Subject-Object-Verb (SOV)
language much like its descendant Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) is today.
Celtic languages are also descended from PIE and this word order
is conserved in most Gallaic inscriptions especially those used
for funerary/religious purposes by the priesthood as in most Tartessian
inscriptions (those away from the core of Tartessos among the KELTIKOI/Celtici/Conii/Cunetes)
or in land-locked areas of the Meseta preserved in the Celtiberian
inscriptions. This word order is also the most common word order
in Basque possibly due to the influence of surrounding Celtic speakers
who may have also provided the downstream clades of the Y-DNA R1b
that are so common in Basque males.
However, the "state" Alcala del Rio inscription
from the heart of Tartessos (KELTOI/Celti) that refers to Raha (probably
originally Rapa before being Celticised), a descendant of Phoenician
settlers who was the "Minster of Bronze (Trade)" in the
Tartessian state under a Celtic king, shows the change to Verb-Subject-Object
(VSO) word order that would be expected when a VSO Phoenician speaker
learns Celtic Gallaic. It appears that this innovative change was
transmitted by Celtic-speaking Tartessian traders as a sort of "bazaar
Celtic" to Insular Celtic areas despite the druidic class retaining
the old Proto-Celtic SOV word order for funerary/religious purposes
that was used until the influence of Christianity allowed the "common
speech" with its VSO word order to become the norm as recorded
in monastic texts.
Hock, Hans Henrich (2015). "Proto-Indo-European verb-finality:
Reconstruction, typology, validation". In Kulikov, Leonid;
Lavidas, Nikolaos. Proto-Indo-European Syntax and its Development.
Koch, John Thomas (2016). "Phoenicians in the West and the
Break-up of the Atlantic Bronze Age and Proto-Celtic". In Koch,
John Thomas and Cunliffe, Barry in collaboration with Cleary, Kerry
and Gibson, Catriona D. Celtic from the West 3.