Revival da lingua Gallaic Gallaic Revival

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Joining words (Conjunctions)

'and' :

Old Gallaic (Tartessian): na-kue - and not (on inscription J.1.2 from southern Portugal) (Koch 2010, pages 278 and 211)

Old East Gallaic (Celtiberian):

-kue - and - used to join to all elements or only to the last in sequences of elements - examples: tiricantam bercunetacam tocoitoskue sarnicio kue sua combalcezor (on inscription K.1.1) or arcanta meducenoskue abocum (on inscription K.1.3) (Wodtko 2003, page 22; Cólera 2003, page 800).

nekue - and not - example: Prohibition is indicated by nekue...litom 'it is not permitted' (in inscription K.1.1) (Cólera 2003, page 801 and 796).

uta - and - examples: uta oskuez stena uerzoniti... uta oskuez boustomue makasimue ailamue ambitiseti... (on inscription K.1.1) (Wodtko 2003, page 22; Cólera 2003, page 801)

Middle Central Gallaic: indi - and - used to join all elements in sequence - example: ...ampilua indi goemina indi enu petanim indi arinom sintamom indi tevcom sintamo (in inscription L.1.1) (Wodtko 2010, pages 339 and 342)

Modern Gallaic: che (pronounced 'cheh' with 'ch' as in Scottish 'Loch' or 'g' in Spanish 'general' or 'J' and 'g' in the Spanish name 'Jorge' or 'j' on Spanish 'ojo' or 'rr' in Brazilian Portuguese 'arrasto' or Rio Portuguese 'r' in 'arte') - and, example: Bódeaná che Rahá - Bojanaa and Rahaa. [Because na-kue and nekue correspond to Old Irish and Modern Scottish Gaelic nach so the 'k' probably represented the 'ch' sound and Professor David Stifter says the syllabic symbol for 'ku' in Old East Gallaic is part of a guttural series.] The 'w' in the original chwe ('kue' in Old East Gallaic) was assimilated by the following vowel 'e'. (Koch 2011, page 129 point 83.1; 2013, page 200)

Compare this to Modern Irish and Modern Scottish Gaelic agus (often pronounced akus), Modern Welsh a or ac, Modern Gaulish ac and Modern Breton ha and Modern Cornish ha or hag hich basically express the same (Dillon 1961, page 29; Mackinnon 1971, page 5; Hansen 2013). Interestingly, Chinese is he (pronounced 'cher' gutteral 'h' followed by short 'er' sound).

'or' :

Old East Gallaic (Celtiberian): -ue - or - example: boustomue macasimue ailamue (on inscription K.1.1) (Wodtko 2003, page 22; Cólera 2003, page 801).

Modern Gallaic: e (pronounced 'eh') - or, example: Bódeaná e Rahá - Bojanaa or Rahaa. The 'w' in the original we ('ue' in Old East Gallaic) was assimilated by the following vowel 'e'.