The Gallaic Revival website is dedicated as a free resource to
the aid the revival of the Gallaic language, the Celtic language
of Galicia, Asturias, Portugal, Spain and the Celtic civilisation
of Tartessos (Tarshish). Tartessian
(Old Gallaic) is now classified as an Indo-European Celtic language
by the official LINGUIST List Multitree Digital Library of Language
Relationships alongside Celtiberian (Old East Gallaic) and other
Celtic languages. Read
the debate on the Old Gallaic language of the South-West inscriptions
of the Iberian peninsula here. Refer
to the new website Atlantic
Europe in the Metal Ages for the latest research particularly
the work of Professor
John T. Koch and Dr
The Gallaic language, also known as Gallaecian or Callaecian, is
also called Hispano-Celtic in a broader sense. Evidence shows occurrences
in various scripts, time and space of what appears to be the same
language from Douro River Oghamic and southern Tartessian to northern
Callaecian (Celti and Celtici dialects - Primitive, Old and Middle
Gallaic) with continuity of dialects with Lusitanian and Vettonian
(Middle Central Gallaic) and shared innovations and development
with Celtiberian (Old and Middle Eastern Gallaic). It was spoken
and at times written by Celts in the Iberian Peninsula encompassing
both Spain and Portugal. Gallaic
is defined in the Urban Dictionary by Vincent F. Pintado as:
An archaic Goidelic Q-Celtic language spoken by the Gallaeci
Celts of Galicia, N.W. Spain and N. Portugal.
The ancestral Celtic language that evolved into primitive Irish
Gallaic was spoken by the Hallstatt Celts that settled in Gallaecia
circa 800 B.C.
"Kon tuwarate tonketisaman orama seda. Lagenti Raha kassedanna
This has been translated into English as:
"To the most fortunate goddess-place, the ancestral highest
resting place, she has been carried away safely. Raha, the Minister
of Bronze, daughter of Korbos, is now lain down here."
Note that in the Ogam insciptions of Ireland and western Britain
in Primitive Irish there is a similar name to Raha's father, Korbos:
This breakthrough in the revival of the Gallaic language was made
by Professor John T. Koch starting in the winter of 2006/2007 and
reaching the full translation stage in mid-2011 followed by acceptance
by most of the major researchers into Tartessian in late 2011 especially
Tartessian expert Professor Francisco Villar Liébana who
in 2004 had noticed the similarities of Tartessian with the Gaulish
language. In 2012, other linguistic researchers such as Dr. Christopher
Guy Yocum have used the Old Gallaic in the Tartessian inscriptions
to gain insights into the development of other Indo-European languages,
especially other Celtic languages such as Irish. This breakthrough
has also been hailed in the 2012 edition of "The Celts"
- the authoritative 2 volume encylopedia on the Celts, by the contributor
of the Celtic languages section, Stefan Zimmer:
"Evidence has been adduced for a Celtic language in the 'Tartessian'
inscriptions of south Portugal and southwest Spain (dating 7th-5th
The Robert Maynard Hutchins Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus
at the University of Chicago, Eric P. Hamp, in August 2012 decisively
included Tartessian (Old Gallaic) as a Celtic language alongside
Celtiberian (Old East Gallaic) and other Celtic languages in the
tree of the Indo-European languages.
Modern Gallaic has been rcconstructed from the Celtic Oghamic,
Tartessian, Lusitanian and Celtiberian inscriptions of the peninsula
along with the Celtic words embedded in Latin inscriptions and used
in the Portuguese, Galego, Asturianu and Spanish languages developed
from Latin. Since Gaelic (Irish) and Brittonic (Breton-Welsh) were
used on the peninsula possibly as late as 900 AD , these languages
have been used as further sources where there are gaps in the record
for the peninsula. Conversational free lessons are now available
in Modern Gallaic. Lesson 1 "Past, Present and Future"
is now available by email. These lessons are practical so you can
get up to speed in some conversation almost immediately. Lessons
are in Galego, Portuguese, Spanish or English. These lessons will
not be available on the website and progress is dependent on homework
exercises being completed satisfactorily to ensure comprehension.
Join the rapidly growing number of people using Modern Gallaic !